以下で考えてみます。具体的には「The theory of Ptolemy is supported
widely until the times when Kepler and Galileo of
the Middle Ages appear, and it is in the later
theological theoretical basics afterwards.」と入力して

Actually, there are some inaccuracies in your statement. Let me clarify the historical timeline and the evolution of astronomical theories during that period.

Ptolemy was an ancient Greek astronomer who lived in the 2nd century AD, during the Hellenistic period. He developed a geocentric model of the universe known as the Ptolemaic system. According to this model, Earth was considered the center of the universe, and the Sun, Moon, planets, and stars revolved around it in complex circular motions.

For several centuries after Ptolemy, his geocentric model was widely accepted and supported by scholars in both the Eastern and Western worlds. However, it is important to note that Ptolemy’s work was not widely known or understood during the Middle Ages.

During the Middle Ages, particularly in the 16th and 17th centuries, significant advancements in astronomy took place with the contributions of Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, and Galileo Galilei. These scholars challenged the geocentric model proposed by Ptolemy and introduced a heliocentric model, where the Sun was considered the center of the solar system.

Copernicus, a Polish astronomer, published his work “On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres” in 1543, which presented a mathematical model of a heliocentric system. Kepler, a German astronomer, further refined this model by using extensive observations and mathematical calculations. His three laws of planetary motion, published in the early 17th century, provided a more accurate description of planetary orbits.

Galileo, an Italian astronomer and physicist, made significant astronomical observations using the newly invented telescope. His observations supported the heliocentric model and challenged the prevailing geocentric view. However, his ideas faced opposition from the Catholic Church, which held a geocentric view based on theological interpretations of the Bible.

It is important to note that the opposition to the heliocentric model was primarily due to theological and philosophical reasons, not the work of Ptolemy. Ptolemy’s geocentric model was influential in its time but was gradually replaced by the more accurate and mathematically elegant heliocentric model proposed by Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo.

In summary, Ptolemy’s geocentric model was widely accepted until the advancements made by Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo during the Renaissance. These astronomers provided empirical evidence and mathematical models that supported a heliocentric view of the universe, challenging the geocentric model proposed by Ptolemy. The opposition to the heliocentric model was largely rooted in theological and philosophical concerns rather than a direct continuation of Ptolemy’s work.」